IN THE JUDICIAL AUTHORITY OF THE DUBAI INTERNATIONAL
DIFC COURTS PRACTICE DIRECTION NO 2 OF 2009
DIFC Courts' Code of Professional Conduct for Legal Practitioners
The attached code of professional conduct for legal practitioners in
the DIFC Courts (the "Code") shall take immediate effect for all new
registrations in parts I and II of the DIFC Courts' Register of
Practitioners. For all existing registrants as at the date of this
practice direction, the Code shall become effective on November 1, 2009.
Immediately upon the Code becoming effective for a firm or individual,
that firm or individual shall, as a condition of its registration,
comply with the provisions of the Code.
This Practice Direction may be cited as Practice Direction 2 of 2009 — DIFC Courts' Code of Professional Conduct and may be abbreviated to PD 2/2009.
Chief Justice of the DIFC Courts
Dated: 27 September 2009
THE CODE OF PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT
FOR LEGAL PRACTITIONERS
IN THE DIFC COURT
A — Governing Principles
The DIFC Courts (the "Court") were established to uphold the laws of
the DIFC and to advance the rule of law by ensuring the just and
effective resolution of disputes within the Court's jurisdiction.
By registering to practice in the Court, each individual legal
practitioner and firm ("Practitioner") undertakes to act with integrity
and independence in support of the Court and the wider community that it
The right to practice in the Court is conditional upon observance of
this Code of Conduct ("the Code") and acceptance of the Court's power to
impose the sanctions provided for herein.
B — Duties Owed to the Court
1. Practitioners shall show due respect to, and co-operate with, the Court and its staff.
2. Practitioners shall ensure that they are familiar with the Rules of
the Court (the "Rules") and in particular with the provisions of the
Overriding Objective set out at Part 1 thereof.
3. Practitioners shall ensure that they are familiar with such laws of
the DIFC as may be applicable to the matter before the Court.
4. Practitioners shall never knowingly make any incorrect or
misleading statement of fact or law to the Court and shall correct any
material error or omission at the earliest opportunity.
5. Practitioners shall inform the Court of all relevant decisions and
legislative provisions of which they are aware regardless of whether the
effect is favourable or unfavourable to the contention for which they
C — Duties Owed to Clients
6. Subject to the duties set out in B(1), B(4) and B(5) above,
Practitioners shall fearlessly advance, defend and protect the interests
of their client before the Court without regard to any consequences to
themselves or any other person.
7. Practitioners shall not act for a client in proceedings before the Court if:
(i) the Practitioner owes a separate duty to act in the best
interests of another client in relation to the same or related asset,
liability or matter and (a) those duties conflict or there is a risk
that those duties may conflict; and (b) the Practitioner does not have
the consent in writing of the said other client to act for the client in
(ii) the Practitioner's duty to act in the best interest of the
client conflicts, or there is a risk that it may conflict, with the
Practitioner's own interests in the same or related asset, liability or
8. Practitioners shall only agree to act in proceedings before the
Court if they can handle them promptly, with competence and without
undue interference from the pressure of other work.
9. Practitioners shall not seek to provoke or prolong Court
proceedings unnecessarily and shall at the earliest opportunity advise
their client of any appropriate alternative means of dispute resolution.
10. Practitioners shall at the earliest opportunity advise their
client of the Court's discretion as to costs and in particular the
general rule at Part 38.7
of the Rules that the unsuccessful party will be ordered to pay the
reasonable legal costs and expenses of the successful party.
11. Practitioners shall at the earliest opportunity enter into a clear
and transparent fee agreement with their client and thereafter ensure
that sufficient records are kept of work done to enable the Court to
properly assess any legal costs and expenses claimed during, or at the
conclusion of, proceedings.
12. Practitioners shall keep information communicated to them by their
client confidential unless such disclosure is authorised by the client,
ordered by the Court or required by law. This duty extends to all
partners and employees of a Practitioner and continues even after the
Practitioner has ceased to act for the client.
D — Duties Owed to Other Practitioners
13. Practitioners shall deal with each other honestly, co-operatively and with civility.
E — General Duties
14. Practitioners shall comply with the Code.
15. Practitioners shall not act in proceedings before the Court unless
satisfied of their continuing adherence to the Court's Registration
16. Practitioners shall abstain from any behaviour which may tend to
discredit the Court and the reputation of its Practitioners.
17. Practitioners shall never withdraw from proceedings before the Court in order to confer a tactical advantage upon a party.
18. Practitioners shall not communicate about a particular case or
matter directly with any party who is known to be represented in that
case or matter by another Practitioner, save with the latter's consent.
The only exception to this duty is that Practitioners may communicate
with any party who is known to be represented by another Practitioner
where the interests of that other party will be prejudiced if the
communication is delayed. In such case the other Practitioner must be
informed as soon as possible.
19. Practitioners shall never agree to act in proceedings before the
Court other than at the direct request of the party concerned unless
they are satisfied that the person making the request is authorised by
the concerned party. A Practitioner may, however, accept a case or
matter forwarded to him by another Practitioner or other practising
20. Subject to any relevant provisions of the Rules, Practitioners
shall not disclose to the Court prior to judgment, the content of any
settlement offers or settlement negotiations, regardless of whether
these have expressly been stated to be "Without Prejudice".
F — Sanctions for Breach of the Code
21. Any complaint by any person (the "Complainant") that a
Practitioner has acted in breach of the Code shall be made in writing to
22. Unless the Registrar is of the opinion on reasonable grounds that the complaint is frivolous or vexatious he shall:
(i) Forward a copy of the complaint to the Practitioner;
(ii) Require from the Practitioner a written response to the complaint;
(iii) Make any further investigation he deems appropriate;
(iv) Issue a reasoned written decision on the complaint.
23. A Practitioner against whom a complaint is made may require that
it is investigated and decided upon jointly by the Registrar and two
independent Assessors chosen by the Registrar from the Register of
Practitioners. The Registrar shall be responsible for drawing up and
issuing the decision, which decision shall be that of the majority.
24. Assessors shall be paid a daily honorarium fixed periodically by the Chief Justice.
25. Any decision issued by the Registrar may be reviewed by the Chief
Justice on the application of the Practitioner or the Complainant.
26. Where the facts and circumstances of the complaint involve the
Registrar or the Chief Justice to any significant degree, the Chief
Justice shall nominate the Deputy Registrar or any Justice of the Court
to act instead of the Registrar, and any Justice of the Court to act
instead of himself.
27. The Court, acting through the Registrar, the Chief Justice or any
nominee of the Chief Justice, may impose the following sanction upon any
Practitioner found on a balance of probabilities to have acted in
breach of the Code:
(i) Private Admonition;
(ii) Public Admonition;
(iii) Fine not exceeding US$5,000 in the case of an individual Practitioner and US$15,000 in the case of a firm;
(iv) Suspension from the Register of Practitioners for a period of time not exceeding 12 months;
(v) Removal from the Register of Practitioners.
28. The Court may impose a combination of sanctions. Any sanction
other than a Private Admonition shall be published by the Court together
with a summary of the complaint and the names of the Complainant and
29. When imposing any sanction other than a Private Admonition, the
Court may notify the fact to any Bar Association or similar body
responsible for the supervision or regulation of the Practitioner